For the Vedic people his very name invoked fear. His worship dates back to prehistoric times. He is the same and yet He is different. Famous Sanskrit scholars Kalidasa, Vishnusharma and Bharavi, astronomers Aryabhata, Varahamihira and Brahmagupta and the Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu lived during this period.
The popularity of Vishnu Puranas, the Bhagavadgita and the epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, also play a significant role in keeping his appeal intact among the masses.
Popularity wise, among the gods of Hindu trinity, Lord Vishnu enjoys considerable following among the Hindus, probably because of his role as the preserver and rescuer and his association with the goddess of wealth and his identification with several popular incarnations who in many ways are perhaps more popular than he himself.
Though Siva as a God was gaining importance gradually yet the cult of Shiva as the Supreme God or even the philosophy of Shaivism became popular only after the early Christian era. It regards Shiva as the Supreme Lord of all but acknowledges a marked distinction between the Supreme Self and the individual selves.
Kashmiri Saivism follows Advaita or the philosophy of monism.
Many magical rituals, fertility rites and left-hand techniques and practices of Shaktism and Tantricism aimed to cultivate detachment and gain control over the senses and the mind, were incorporated with some variations into Brahmanism and subsequently into Vajrayana Buddhism.
It does not matter to Shiva whether the beings obey or disobey His laws. The vedic people originally frowned upon the practice of the worship of Shiva lingas but subsequently integrated the practice into a Vedic religion.
Prior to his integration into Vedic religion, Lord Shiva was worshipped mainly outside the Vedic society by people with whom they were not very familiar. We worship him both in his image form and symbolically as a Shivalinga.
Followers of this sect believe he is still alive physically because of his supernatural yogic powers and makes himself visible occasionally to a chosen few. The same Brahmana also alludes to his connection with animal sacrifices and snakes. One may find solace in the fact that his position is better than that of Brahma, who is not at all worshipped in the Hindu temples and who has but a few temple existing in his honor.
Nepal[ edit ] As the Hinduism Today article reports: At its medieval zenith, Pashupatism blanketed Western, Northwestern and Southeastern India, where it received royal patronage. They were also known in history as the Nagas. In 11th century Nambi Andar Nambi composed Tirumurai, in which he recorded the lives of all the 63 saints.
Both the Nathadwar inscription of Udaipur and another inscription of 13th century A. From the earliest times, Saivism was never a homogenous sect. The conflict between Daksha, a follower of Brahma and Shiva is probably an anecdotal reference to the conflict between the trwo traditions.
Believed by his followers to be a manifestation of Shiva himself, Lakulisa revived the ancient practices of Hathayoga and Tantrism and probably reintroduced the practice of human and animal sacrifices.
His children, Lord Ganesha and Kumaraswami and his associate goddesses, have large following and are immensely popular among the masses. He played an important role in the revival of Saivism under the name of Pasupatha the way of the animal.
However the integration between Brahmanism and Saivism did not happen instantly. He is described as a dwarf as well as as a giant.
It was also the period during which the bhakti movement became popular in the south. Lord Shiva has immense appeal among the masses. In the later part of his life, he converted to Buddhism. Their goals vary, ranging from liberation in current life mukti to seeking pleasures in higher worlds bhukti.
Within each of these theologies, there are two sub-groups. But even while worshipping many deities, they will have faith in one family god kula devata or favorite god ishta devata. He has mass following throughout the length and the breadth of the Indian subcontinent.
During the Vedic period Shiva was worshipped mostly by non Vedic tribes, such as the Sibis who lived on the fringes of the Vedic society and were hardly understood by vedic people. He remained inside and cried and from the tears that flowed out of him originated Rudras in thousands.
These inscriptions have been dated by modern techniques to between and CE. We worship him ritually, extolling his virtues and invoking him by his thousand names. The description is conflicting, with some texts stating the tantric, puranic and Vedic traditions of Shaivism to be hostile to each other while others suggest them to be amicable sub-traditions.
We have references to believe that Shiva or his aspects were worshipped by some ancient communities outside India in far away places such as the Mediterranean, Africa, Central Asia and Europe. They also worshipped his vehicle Nandi and his son Skanda both as individual deities and in association with Shiva.Paramashiva (Supreme being) Shiva - Shakti.
Sadasiva; Rudra; Nataraja; Dakshinamurthy; Ardhanarishvara; Virabhadra; Pashupati;. Shiva is the lord of dance and dramatic arts in Hinduism.    This is celebrated in Shaiva temples as Nataraja, which typically shows Shiva dancing in one of the poses in the ancient Hindu text on performance arts called the Natya Shastra.
Shaivism (also Saivism) in Hindu religion is associsted with Lord Shiva. The followers of Hindu Shaivism is referred to as Shaivas or Saivas. Lord Shiva is the supreme god and is prevalent widely through out India. Lord Shiva is the most important, popular, ancient and revered God of Hinduism.
Since ancient times, people in the Indian subcontinetn have been worshipping him, and if we have to go by some historical finding., it appears that he was worshipped in other parts of the world under different names. SHIVA is the King of all Yoga and Tantra. Shiva is the Founder and Owner of all Yoga and Tantra!
is considered an auspicious number. Hence Siva is extolled through these names during the puja rituals either by the priests or by the worshippers themselves.Download