The Nazi Party then began to eliminate all political opposition and consolidate its power. In the middle of the decade, the country faced the European migrant crisisas the main receiver of asylum seekers from Syria and other troubled regions.
The German Revolution of —19 deposed the emperor and the various kings and princes, leading to the establishment of the Weimar Republican unstable parliamentary democracy. In —, Germany was one of the founding countries of the eurozone.
Millions of ethnic Germans were deported or fled from Communist areas into West Germany, which experienced rapid economic expansionand became the dominant economy in Western Europe. The concept of Germany as a distinct region in central Europe can be traced to Roman commander Julius Caesarwho referred to the unconquered area east of the Rhine as Germaniathus distinguishing it from Gaul Francewhich he had conquered.
Inthe German invasion of the Soviet Union faltered, and after the United States had entered the warBritain became Modern german history study guide base for massive Anglo-American bombings of German cities.
Racism, especially antisemitismwas a central feature of the regime. Beginning in the late s, Nazi Germany made increasingly aggressive territorial demands, threatening war if they were not met. The German revolutions of —49 failed.
For more events, see Timeline of German history. The Industrial Revolution modernized the German economy, led to the rapid growth of cities and to the emergence of the Socialist movement in Germany. After the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars from —, feudalism fell away and liberalism and nationalism clashed with reaction.
Hitler quickly established a totalitarian regime. In the early s, Germany played a critical role in trying to resolve the escalating euro crisis, especially with regard to Greece and other Southern European nations.
Defeated and partly occupied, Germany was forced to pay war reparations by the Treaty of Versailles and was stripped of its colonies as well as areas given to re-established Poland and Alsace-Lorraine.
Germany joined the other powers in colonial expansion in Africa and the Pacific. In Germany, but predominantly in the German-occupied areasthe systematic genocide program known as The Holocaust killed six million Jews, as well as five million others including German dissidents, gipsies, disabled people, Poles, Romanies, Soviets Russian and non-Russianand others.
West Germany was rearmed in the s under the auspices of NATObut without access to nuclear weapons.
Martin Luther led the Protestant Reformation against the Catholic Church afteras the northern states became Protestant, while the southern states remained as the Catholics. The new Reichstagan elected parliament, had only a limited role in the imperial government.
In the Late Middle Agesthe regional dukes, princes and bishops gained power at the expense of the emperors. First came the remilitarization of the Rhineland inthe annexing of Austria in the Anschluss and parts of Czechoslovakia with the Munich Agreement in although in Hitler annexed further territory of Czechoslovakia.
Hitler invaded the Soviet Union in June In the early s, the worldwide Great Depression hit Germany hard, as unemployment soared and people lost confidence in the government. Germany was the dominant power on the continent.
Germany fought the war on multiple fronts through —, however following the Allied invasion of Normandy Junethe German Army was pushed back on all fronts until the final collapse in May Prussia, with its capital Berlingrew in power.
Under occupation by the Allies, German territories were split up, Austria was again made a separate country, denazification took place, and the Cold War resulted in the division of the country into democratic West Germany and communist East Germany.
German universities became world-class centers for science and humanities, while music and art flourished.History of Germany. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Part of a series on the.
History of his dialect suppressed the others and evolved into what is now the modern German. Martin Lutherwhich brought a new historical perspective to the study of political history, theology, philosophy, language, and literature. Modern History Case Study - American Civil War.
This student studied: HSC - Year 11 - Modern History. These notes follow the syllabus and in my opinion were very useful to me, as I was able to get 29/30 on our exam. 1 Ex Credit 1 Exchange Credit View Details.
Decolonization of Congo. US History 1 Study Guide Louis the German.
His inheritance was not only modern-day Germany, but also a few other surrounding areas, including what is now Northern Italy, Austria, Switzerland.
The Modern History of Germany chapter of this Major Events in World History Study Guide course is the most efficient way to study key events in German history from the 16th to 20th century.
"professional grasp of early modern European history," and how you can go about acquiring one. In keeping with the limits of my research. History guide nI troduction 1 Purpose of this document 1 Students study two modern languages (or a modern perspective approach to history.
It involves the study of a variety of types of history, including political, economic, social and cultural, and provides a balance of structure and flexibility.Download