Just because stratification is universal does not mean it is a vital aspect or system need of society. Tumin states see Levine, p. Scarcity of talent is not an adequate explanation of stratification. The Nature of Social Mobility: The distribution of positions cannot be understood merely by achievement but achievement itself is conditioned by ascription of status.
Stratification is not positively functionally for a society--it is dysfunctional. We must also consider the problem of deskilling and the control of workers see Braverman--the detailed division of labor.
Modern societies allocated their collective labor forces inefficiently, wasting talented but poor people in humble positions and suffering from the inept sons of the privileged in powerful positions.
And, more importantly what about those aspects of a class society that do not operate like merit systems? Hence, every society, no matter how simple or complex, must differentiate persons in terms of both prestige and esteem, and must therefore possess a certain amount of institutionalized inequality.
Talented and trained individuals are scarce because acquisition of training and skills requires people to be sufficiently motivated to pursue them.
The universality of stratification does not mean it is necessarily beneficial or inevitable. For example, wealth, education, professional associations, etc. Critics of the Davis-Moore viewpoint argued that it did not make much sense in non-competitive societies--for example feudalism, where all positions are distributed not by merit but by birth.
Rather it draws a high income because it is functionally important and the available personnel is for one reason or another scarce.
Criticism of the Davis-Moore Thesis: In general those positions convey the best reward, and have the highest rank which a have the greatest importance for the society and b require the greatest training or talent.
Summary of the Davis-Moore Thesis: The most important positions are rewarded the most--the least important are rewarded the least.
Class itself can be though of as implying a set of life chances and obstacles to social mobility. High income, power, prestige of a particular position are due to functional importance or scarcity of trained personnel.
Davis and Moore state: To remedy this problem, Durkheim advocated using public schooling to sift and winnow children according to their native abilities, educationally prepare them according to their potential--what later became known as tracking--and see that they ended up in jobs that paid accordingly.
Inept progeny of rich tycoons took over companies while intelligent children of workers went uneducated. Opportunities for achievement are not distributed equally. Social positions have varying degrees of functional importance.
Stratification, or unequal distribution of rewards ensures that the most talented and trained individuals will fulfill the social roles of greatest importance. There is in stratification systems artificial limits to the development of whatever potential skills there are in society.The davis-moore thesis states: a.
that economic hardship and skyrocketing inflation is the cause for all socia Get the answers you need, now! Question 1 options: a) an agricultural system b) a caste system c) a class system d) a gendered system Save Question 2 (Mandatory) ( points) The Davis-Moore Thesis states: Question 2 options: a) That the more society values a particular profession, the more the people in that profession will make.
The Davis Moore Thesis states that Social Stratification has beneficial consequences for the operation of a society. That’s why we have a certain form of social stratification in every society. The jobs in modern societies vary in form of importance, prestige and wage.
The basic tone of the Davis-Moore thesis, as Irving Zeitlin says, is that, “The rich and powerful and prestigious are at the top because they are the most talented and the best trained and also because they make the greatest contribution to society’s preservation.”.
In Davis and Moore, following an earlier formulation by Davis, proposed a functional theory of stratification that was intended to account for what they contended was the “universal necessity”. Sociology - Chapter 8.
STUDY. PLAY. Social Stratification. a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy, so that some people have more money, power, and prestige than others.
Davis-Moore Thesis. The assertion that social stratification exists in every society because it has beneficial consequences for the operation.Download